Seventy Weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to...“atone for sin (purpose #3).”
The term “make reconciliation [or atone]” for “sin” may not be the best translations. Didn’t Jesus make reconciliation and atone for sin when he died on the cross and rose from the dead in the 69th week? Yet virtually every translation suggests that the purposes of the 70-weeks are for simple atonement.
This cannot be the case. Jesus said the atonement was finished, the price for sin was totally paid while he hung on the cross. He said so when he cried out, tetelestai! So, the atonement Jesus made on the cross, cannot be what purpose number three is about.
The editors of the Hebrew Interlinear (Scripture for All) included an optional literal translation for purpose number three, that of making a proprietary shelter for depravity. Our Creator holds an exclusive right [a proprietary claim] to the physical descendants of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob. Israel is the only physical people and geographical nation ever created and claimed by God as his own proprietary possession.
“But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee. I have called thee by thy name; thou art MINE.” In this verse, God makes no distinction between the divided kingdoms of Judah and Israel. He calls them both as one nation, the nation of Israel [Jacob], Isaiah 43:1.
It did not take Christ 490 years to make reconciliation for iniquity. He did that in a matter of hours when he died on the cross. The reconciliation brought about by the death of Jesus on the cross is available right now, to all (both Jew and Gentile) and has been ever since his resurrection (John 19:30, Colossians 1:20-22). Yet, in Daniel 9:24, the prophet is told it would take 490 years [70 weeks of years] to complete the six purposes listed in that verse—one of which was to make a proprietary shelter for the depravity of Daniel’s people, the Jews, and Daniel’s city, Jerusalem.
The proprietary shelter referred to in this passage is a uniquely Jewish sheltering from utter racial annihilation. Humanity in general (Jew and gentile alike) has been given the privilege of being able to draw near to God, through Christ, at any time. No individual needs to wait until Daniel’s Seventy Weeks are completed before that can happen (Colossians 1:20-22).
But God has a special purpose for reconciling Jacob to himself, as a nation, in the latter time.
God, the nation of Israel’s maker and husband, will prohibit and bring to a permanent end, the consequences of Israel’s rejection of his Christ. He will open the eyes of his adulterous wife (see purpose one). She will never again be unfaithful, and he will disannul her Covenant with Death and Agreement with Sheol (Isaiah 28:18, 43:15, 54:5-7, 62:4).
Talk about a thriller/suspense story! God predetermined that the existence of planet earth hinges on the survival of a single nation, the nation of Israel. And then he allows Israel to apparently seal her doom [along with that of the entire planet] by denouncing him through rejection of his only begotten Son, Jesus. But his plan didn’t stop there. Knowing his own power, and knowing everything in advance, Israel’s Maker, inserted a loophole into the Law of Moses that would make it possible to save the planet by rescuing his wayward wife (Isaiah 54:5, Numbers 30:8-9), because God has a proprietary claim on this nation.
The Bible paints a beautiful picture of Israel’s national reconciliation with her national Creator in Zechariah 3:1-5 (we must remember that the purposes of the 70-weeks have to do only with Daniel’s people and Daniel’s city). In the book of Zechariah, Joshua, who was a high priest of Israel during the Prophet Zechariah’s life, is pictured standing before the angel of the Lord clothed with filthy garments. In this passage, Joshua symbolically represents the nation he is high priest of at the time—Israel. This scene is prophetic and is still future.
The Lord said, “Take away the filthy garments...I have caused your depravity to pass from you (refer to the rebellion of purpose one) and to clothe you with a robe of state.” God gives the nation of Israel a robe of state indicating Israel’s authority as head nation during the millennium (Isaiah 2:3, Deut 28:13).
…for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
And the LORD shall make thee the head and not the tail and thou shalt be above only and thou shalt not be beneath…
In Zechariah, this prophetic scene with Joshua, happens after the Resurrection and Harpazo (see studies of purposes one and two). This is a national reconciliation for reasons of state, not a personal/individual one (although many Israelis will be personally converted during the 70th week). Israel is the only nation ever personally created by God. He will see that nation reconciled to him as a political theocracy during the earthly reign of the Prince of Peace. As of this writing, Israel’s national reconciliation back to her Messiah, who is the True God, is still future (Ezekiel 37:16-19, Zechariah 3:1, Haggai 2:2, John 5:43, Isaiah 28:14-18, 43:15, Daniel 9:24, 1 John 5:20).
All six purposes of the 70 weeks will conclude and be fulfilled during the 70th week.
Purpose One: The number one purpose of the seventy weeks has to do with prohibiting and bringing to an end the process of annihilating the entire race of Israel and all humanity. This process began when the nation rebelled against their God by rejecting his Messiah, Jesus, at his crucifixion. The process will be greatly accelerated when the rebellion is taken to the next level, when Israel accepts an imposter as Messiah. This will happen when Israel signs the seven-year Covenant with Death and Agreement with Sheol. Jesus said unless the progression of that rebellion is restricted and prohibited, there would be no fulfillment of the prophecies God made for his people Israel, his Kingdom, and the New Heavens and the New Earth.
Purpose Two: Brings to a permanent end ignorant denial of the true Messiah by the practice of sacrifice and sin offerings [denying the Lamb of God who died once for all] during the first half of the Antichrist’s reign.
Father forgive them; they know not what they do….
Purpose Three: “…make a proprietary shelter for depravity.”
Israel will be sheltered during the horrific time of Jacob’s trouble by God’s proprietary claim on the nation. This is a geo-political proprietary claim. A seal of protection will be placed on members of ten of the tribes, but on the two without it, there will still be survivors (more on that when we get to the study of the 70th week). The enemy of our souls will not be permitted to annihilate all humanity by wiping out God’s proprietary possession, the physical nation of Israel. They will be sheltered when God stakes his proprietary claim on them, and at the end given robes of state identifying them as his own and becoming the head nation during the reign of the Prince of Peace.
Proceed to Purposes FOUR & FIVE Jocelyn Andersen: The Six Purposes of Daniel's 70 Weeks: Purposes 4-5
Watch the Six Purposes of Daniel's 70-weeks video series.
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